Lessons That We Should Have Learned Long Time Ago…

from rudybellen

 

On Technology Development :

The research agency that virtually turned Taiwan around from an agrarian to an industrialized economy suggests that the Philippines should put up a similar agency that can get technologies take off from the shelves. The Philippines may derive a model from Taiwan in having established in 1973 the Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI), which widely bridged the gap needed in technology commercialization.

ITRI told a Congressional Commission on Science, Technology, and Engineering (Comste) forum that the US technology model (of the academe collaborating with industries) may not work in Asian countries like Taiwan and the Philippines. But the ITRI model may work too for the country as much as it did in Taiwan. US companies are very big and have the capability to do research through links with the university. ITRI is like something in between to get the universities to work with industries. Such institution, should be run like a private enterprise, although it may receive seed money from government.

Comste said that government has been studying the setting up of an institution that will enable the country to develop niche products that have high commercial potential. And ITRI may just lead the way. We may set up an R&D institute that’s partly government and partly private. This may need legislation. The role of government is basically to set incentives, maybe give some grants, some tax breaks. Essential to making research institutions meet private enterprises’ needs for technology is a law that allows government-funded R&D works to be owned and patented by researchers themselves. Comste said that to start off with a similar ITRI agency, government may pass a law converting the Advanced Science and Technology Institute (ASTI) into a profit-earning corporation. ASTI at present is one of the Department of Science and Technology’s (DoST) seven-research institutes. While earning a small profit, ASTI remits much of its earnings to government. In my own personal view, I would probably start small and consider ASTI which is now focused on ICT (Information Communication Technology) and electronics to “corporatize”. Their mandate can cover many areas, not only ICT. Because it is advanced science and technology, it can also be on biotechnology and nano technology.

As Taiwan has been beefing up its R&D budget, which is now approaching three percent of gross domestic product (GDP), the country should devote more budgets for this from its present minuscule 0.12 percent of GDP, many times less than that of Taiwan, a lot smaller country of 23 million people, in the 1950s-1960s, the Philippines had a higher per capita income. Taiwan with its investments in R&D, ninth biggest in the world, has experienced an economic miracle that has made it sixteenth in rank in global trade and foreign exchange reserve fifth in the world. The Philippines still has an edge in being an English speaking-country and in having many natural resources, unlike Taiwan that only has its people as resource. However, its sole wealth in people, enabled Taiwan to tap its greatest potential in developing high-technology industries. ITRI, an agency with more than 5,000 researchers and more than 1,000 Ph.Ds, has enabled the spin-off of many technology companies.

The emergence of world’s biggest wafer foundry Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co.,
is partly attributed to it. ITRI has invested more and has helped growth and birth of 255 companies under its Open Lab. These are Taiwan’s world market share in technology products: soho router, 93 percent; WLAN, 90 percent; Ethernet LAN switch, 84 percent; and cable CPE, 80 percent.

On Melamine Scare : Gov’t should strengthen dairy industry

The global impact of the melamine scare should push the government to reexamine its dairy program and accelerate its milk self-sufficiency target, which is originally set for 2018. The National Dairy Authority (NDA) set 2018 as the target for 100 percent milk sufficiency even as the discovery that large inventories of milk produced in China were laced with melamine, a chemical ingredient in the manufacture of plastics, has cast doubts on the integrity of imported milk. NDA is targeting to secure 11,000 dairy cattle in the next five years in its bid to raise production to 63 million kilos of milk yearly.Total national production is only five percent of demand, and the country’s entire population of milking cows is a pittance at 15,000 head. The annual production, mostly from cooperatives, is only 13 million kilos, while a big Thai dairy cooperative produces one million kilos a day.

A foremost backer of a strong dairy industry was former Senator Leticia Ramos Shahani, who launched her White Revolution years ago to bring in Indian cows and bulls to propagate higher yields of milk and meat in the country. The Philippine Carabao Center (PCC) also developed in vitro fertilization (IVF) to propagate better breeds, including some from Hungary, to increase the number of livestock for milk production. Dairy farmers have complained that there is little incentive for milk production even though there are large pasture areas in the country that have not been adequately exploited.

Industry players have said milking cows could increase milk production by consuming moringa or malunggay leaves, as proven by the experience of Nicaraguan farmers who secured an increase in milk by 45 percent. Malunggay could be intercropped with fruit-bearing trees to ensure that farmers would earn more. Experts said that with enough malunggay in pasture areas and with abundant grass sufficient for 10 cows per hectare, milk production could increase significantly.Some enterprising dairy farmers have proven that with enough pasture land; a cow can produce 15 liters of milk a day. More pregnant cows mean more milk, and cows can produce milk from seven to 10 years. They give birth on the eighth month and can get pregnant again after three months. Experts said small farmers all over the country could participate in the dairy improvement program through proper training and education on the long-term benefits of milk production.

The government needs to invest at least P500 million annually to enhance the local dairy industry’s capacity to produce milk and help lessen the country’s dependence on milk imports. The country imports between US$ 500 million to US$ 600 million or P25 billion worth of milk and other milk products annually. About 99 percent of milk and dairy products available in the Philippine market is imported, while only one percent is produced locally.The country’s dependence on imported milk and milk products makes the country vulnerable to the entry of toxic food products. Should the government “diversify” its focus and invest in the local dairy industry’s capacity to produce milk, the country could ensure the safety of dairy products in the market. The annual investment, will cover the importation of milk producing animals such as cows, which is estimated to cost P70,000 per head. The P500 million per year investment can easily be recovered by lessening the country’s spending on imported milk. Only a small portion of the Department of Agriculture’s budget is allotted to the local dairy industry, with the bulk of expenditures focused on rice sufficiency and operating expenses. Food security advocates, on the other hand, said the influx of contaminated food into the country could be traced to the Philippines’ trade policies. According to the Task Force Food Sovereignty, the trade liberalization strategy adopted in the early 1980s has caused the “inevitable toxic food dumping” at present.

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2 Comments

Filed under Education, Politics, Rudy Bellen's Column, Science, Views and Concern

2 responses to “Lessons That We Should Have Learned Long Time Ago…

  1. I strongly agree with Rudy B. especially on the aspect of technology development. But the problem here lies not just on the “guts” or “political will” of those in the government but also on their “personal interests”. And I have a number of experiences to prove this.

    First, the ASTI and the NCC. There was a budget several years ago for the nationwide computerization of the LGUs as a safety net for, or in compliance with, the Philippine E-Commerce Act. Billions of pesos were alloted na ang first phase, magkaroon ng virtual presence ang mga LGUs sa Internet. Pero anak ng nanay nila, wala nga sa 300 ang LGU na may websites! When I asked ba’t ganun, ang sagot ay nagastos na daw sa eleksiyon. Ang may sabi, from the DOST mismo when I complained ba’t hindi user friendly ang content-management system (CMS) na ginawa nila for websites so wala ng developer na gusto pang mag-take on ng trabaho.

    Ikalawa, pinipilit i-push ang isang version ng Linux (Bayanihan Linux ata yun) na ginawa sa Pilipinas. Namigay pa ng ilang computers sa mga LGUs and I heard even sa schools na may ganung operating system. Ang problema, walang training component kaya the time na gumawa kami ng assessment, converted na po sa pirated windows ang mga PCs.

    When I also helped push for an alternative ICT Road map for the Philippines, mas personal interests ng mga nakaupo ang nangibabaw kaya ang ICT Road map na nagawa, kung sa highway, magandang tingnan sa aerial view pero kung nagda-drive ka na sa highway mismo, daming lubak at baku-bako.

    Of course, andiyan din ang infamous na ZTE scandal. Mantakin niyong nagpumilit pa ang gobyerno na kunin ang ZTE gayong sabi sa mga pag-aaral, kaya namang tugunan ng mga local companies natin ang pinaplano para sa national broadband network.

    Ewan. Kelan kaya mangingibabaw ang interests ng publiko kaysa sa mga personal interests ng mga nasa gobyerno?

  2. rudyb

    to : ja carizo

    you’re absolutely right, it is that two ubiquitous words – self-interest, that you’ll encounter every time you transact or deal with the government people that really pull us down to nowhere. it seems there’s an endless appetite for those people in the government to prioritize themselves first rather than the public whom they sworn to serve first. i can’t see no light at the end of the tunnel when will this phenomenon will come to an end.

    i thought there was hope after the 1986 much ballyhooed people power revolution but to my dismay it is still the same dog wearing a different collar. another dim of hope emerged during FVR’s tenure but was “ruined” and messed up by Erap.

    i’m very radical, an advocate and wholeheartedly supports death penalty. i fairly and justly believe that the penalty was not really put into useful and effective deterrent form of “price” for committed heinous, atrocious and terrible crimes. we don’t need to be another Saudi Arabia where they behead people every week. we only need to implement the law rationally. i don’t know where will be our country today if Erap has been executed instead of being pardoned after being convicted of a heinous crime. but I would believe that our country would be more peaceful and inhabited by more law-abiding citizenry.

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